Stickwork sculpture by Patrick Dougherty titled “Just Off the Beaten Track” stands on Linden Lane. Image by Tom Rettig
Volunteers help gather the saplings used to build the Stickwork sculpture. Image by Yonca Karakilic
Saplings are gathered and bundled at Crow Hill Conservation Area before being transported to campus. Image by Yonca Karakilic
Saplings are loaded to be transported to campus. Image by Kelly Wolfe-Bellin
Students and other community volunteers move material on campus. Image by Andrea Peraza Calderon
Students and other community volunteers strip saplings on campus. Image by Yonca Karakilic
Student volunteer strips saplings on campus. Image by Yonca Karakilic
Dougherty and community volunteers strip saplings on campus. Image by Tom Rettig
Dougherty’s sketch of the sculpture. Image by Tom Rettig
Augers are used to bore holes into the ground during the early stages of the sculpture’s construction. Image by Yonca Karakilic
Community volunteers work on early stages of the sculpture. Image by John Cannon
Scaffolding is put up around foundational elements of the sculpture. Image by John Cannon
Dougherty and community volunteers begin to bend sticks to form the sculpture. Image by Tom Rettig
Students and other community volunteers work with Dougherty on early stages of the sculpture. Image by Tom Rettig
Progress is made on Stickwork sculpture. Image by Tom Rettig
Community volunteers work with Dougherty on the sculpture. Image by Tom Rettig
Student works alongside Dougherty. Image by Tom Rettig
Dougherty gives direction to volunteers. Image by Tom Rettig
Community volunteers work with Dougherty. Image by Tom Rettig
Caroline Morano ’17 takes notes of her observations for a creative writing class. Image by Tom Rettig
Detail of Morano’s creative writing class notes. Image by Tom Rettig
The sculpture’s three towers take shape. Image by Tom Rettig
(from left) Emma DeFrancesco '20 and Isabella Kallassy '20 weave and bend saplings into inner walls of the Stickwork sculpture. Image by Tom Rettig
Dougherty works on part of his sculpture. Image by Tom Rettig
Students and other community volunteers reinforce one of the three towers of the sculpture. Image by Tom Rettig
Students from the Nativity School of Worcester create line drawings of the sculpture being constructed nearby. Image by Virginia Raguin
Student volunteers put final touches on Stickwork sculpture. Image by Tom Rettig
Katherine Badenhausen '19 works with Dougherty during final stages of the sculpture’s construction. Image by Tom Rettig
Keiving Wong '17 puts final touches on Stickwork sculpture. Image by Tom Rettig
Community volunteer puts final touches on the sculpture. Image by Tom Rettig
Dougherty addresses community members at the sculpture’s opening reception. Image by Tom Rettig
Rev. Philip L. Boroughs, S.J., president of the College of the Holy Cross, signs Dougherty's gloves at opening reception. Image by Tom Rettig
Dougherty’s gloves, signed by volunteers and community members. Image by Tom Rettig
Community members enjoy finished Stickwork sculpture. Image by Tom Rettig
Finished Stickwork sculpture on Linden Lane at twilight. Image by Tom Rettig
The temporality and whimsy of Patrick Dougherty’s Stickwork sculptures have graced more than 250 sites around the world — from the open fields of the Scottish Highlands to the Riniyo-in Temple in Chiba, Japan. This fall, the College of the Holy Cross became home to one of the renowned artist’s most recent works, which stands on Linden Lane in playful conversation with the campus’ surrounding architecture.
“Just Off the Beaten Track” is made from locally sourced gray birch and Norway maple saplings, which were woven, bent and entwined to form three spirals moving around a center core and rising up into towers reaching 25 feet high.
The sculpture was completed in under three weeks in September as a part of Dougherty’s artist-in-residency at the College, hosted by the Arts Transcending Borders (ATB) initiative which is funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation; and cosponsored with the Iris and B. Gerald Cantor Art Gallery, the environmental studies program, and the visual arts department.
During these three weeks, the Holy Cross community was not only given the rare opportunity to observe Dougherty at work, but to participate in the artistic process as well.
Along with Dougherty comes the invitation to work beside him in the creation of his sculptures: more than 300 students, faculty, staff, and members of the Worcester community had a hand in the extensive process.
In a recent article published in the online arts journal New York Arts, and the Berkshire Review for the Arts, Virginia Raguin, professor of visual arts and Distinguished Professor of Humanities, wrote: “Dougherty offers … a gift — the possibility that we become co-creators. Male and female, young and old, accountant or housepainter, we become part of the work. We cut the saplings, haul the wood, strip the leaves, bind the twigs, or climb a scaffold — he allows this work to become ours as well as his.”
Here’s a look at the entire process and the impact it’s had on the College community.
Image by Yonca Karakilic
The community-mobilizing process began with acquiring sticks — a lot of the them. Partnering with the Greater Worcester Land Trust, members of the community spent days gathering 7 truckloads full of saplings that were then hulled, bundled, transported to campus, and stripped before the building stages of the sculpture even began.
At the same time, Dougherty was conceptualizing the sculpture, which he explained is not a slavish process for him. During his on-campus artist talk while the sculpture was still being constructed, he shared that he doesn’t spend a lot of time researching in advance nor does he come to a project with an unwavering plan; rather the idea develops organically with the site and materials in mind.
Image by Tom Rettig
“I researched the idea of crucifixes and crosses because of the College’s name of course and saw a lot of great symbols,” Dougherty explained in an overflowing Rehm Library. “But that led me backwards to some symbols that Christians had borrowed from earlier times and one of them is a unity symbol with Celtic characteristics. It’s a lot of spirals that turn in on themselves, which are based on vines and vines turning in on themselves.”
Even with the plan decided upon, Dougherty said that he must always remain willing to make adjustments when sleeves are rolled up and construction is underway.
“It’s an open process — there’s give and take when building,” he shared. “You have to allow for space to learn the materials and what can and can’t be done.”
Image by John Cannon
Almost overnight, the sculpture began to take shape. Linden Lane buzzed with movement as community volunteers worked with Dougherty from 8 to 5 every day, and passersby stopped to watch the progress being made and chat with the artist and volunteers between classes and meetings.
While working with a world-renowned artist on one of his sculptures is a seemingly daunting task, Dougherty’s casual and unassuming demeanor abated any concerns volunteers may have had. More often than not, he would set up the volunteers with everything they needed and leave them to work.
This brings up a question commonly asked: “But how do they know what to do?” There’s something about sticks, Dougherty says, that people inherently understand.
“We all have been children and as children we lived the shadow life of our hunting and gathering past, because for children, a stick is an imaginative object,” Dougherty explained during his talk. “Kids know everything about it — it’s a weapon, it’s a tool, a piece of a wall. So it’s not that far if you get a group of people and say, ‘Well this is how you do it.’ Instantly, they know how to work.”
While of particular interest for students studying the arts, the sculpture also drew interest from students of all class years and disciplines — from first-year Montserrat students to those in biology and environmental science courses — all of whom engaged with the construction in different ways, whether putting on gardening gloves and climbing the scaffolds to build, or spending time observing the process with a notebook and pen.
Students taking “Introduction to Creative Writing: Narrative,” taught by Leila Philips, associate professor of English, were among the latter.
“We were instructed to visit Stickwork every other day for four weeks,” said Caroline Morano ’17, a student in the course (pictured above). “The purpose of the assignment was to use all five senses to observe the changes of the site. We were told to refrain from researching the sculpture or artist and instead come to our own conclusions of what was happening.”
With no background to contextualize what she was seeing, Morano’s experience of the sculpture’s evolution from sticks to sculpture was something close to a revelation.
“Slowly, the site evolved,” she said. “I couldn’t believe how scattered tree branches could become something so impressive.”
Robert Bertin, professor of biology and Anthony and Renee Marlon Professor in the Sciences, who played a major role in the initial stages of finding and collecting the saplings, saw the inherent value of participating in the creation of this Stickwork.
“I encouraged students to get involved in the work because I see great value not only in the exposure to the artistry of the work, but also as an opportunity to have a close encounter with the natural world, something that has sadly become less frequent in recent years,” he explained.
For first-year student Yuwei Cheng ’20 (pictured above), this first person interaction directly connected with her Monsterrat course, taught by David Karmon, associate professor of visual arts.
“It was an important experience for me to gain a better understanding of my Montserrat, ‘Between Nature and Metropolis,’ where we studied sensory experience and how are those senses connected and changed from nature to artificial architecture,” said Cheng.
Image by Virginia Raguin
The community engagement moved even further, beyond the College’s gates, with the involvement of greater Worcester community volunteers, and a special visit by students from the Nativity School of Worcester.
Nativity School art, religion, and science teacher Sarah Valente ’16 brought a group of her young students, members of the school’s Street Art Club, to see the outdoor sculpture in progress.
“The piece exposed students to a new artistic process, the use of recycled materials, temporary art, and how art can work with the environment,” shared Valente. “After interacting with the piece, students created line drawings of the piece. The sticks and vines provided them with a range of thicknesses which allowed them to experiment with line.”
One of the resulting images, created by Nativity School fifth grader Caleb Mancia, is pictured above.
For those who watched the piece go up and those who worked on it, the sculpture holds daily significance.
“There’s a lot of work that goes into this that people just walking by probably aren’t aware of,” Adrian Cole ’20 told Worcester Living in a recent article (PDF). “It kind of gives me a sense of gratification knowing that I put in the time and the effort and there’s a sense of ownership, not just for me personally but for the community as a whole. We all put something into it and made this entire huge sculpture, which is beautiful.”
While the sculpture is not permanent, nor meant to be, and will fade with weather and time, it’s coalescence with the community is its greatest quality.
“It is a little bit sad,” Dougherty said during his talk regarding his structures coming down, “but one of the things is that sculpture is about ideas and ideas are embedded in sculptures. And in one way, a community uses that sculpture up.”
Image by Evangelia Stefanakos
Dougherty’s piece, now complete and standing through the changing New England seasons, has provided the College with new opportunity for dialogue, for questions, for intersection as the community continues to engage with the sculpture through tours, performances and programming around and within the piece.
The process of building, and now the process of living alongside the sculpture — passing it on the way to Dinand Library or to class in Stein Hall — has allowed for interaction that transcends traditional disciplinary boundaries, and remains a lasting marker of a community’s efforts.
Dougherty’s work at Holy Cross was covered by the Associate Press, and then ran in over 250 local and national news outlets. His work at the College was also featured in the Worcester Telegram & Gazette, Catholic Free Press, and Mass Live.
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